Soldering is the process of joining two pieces of heated metal together with a similar metal, called solder. There is an art to seamlessly soldering two pieces of gold together so that you can’t tell any work was ever done.
There is an earring I call a “sleeper” earring because you can sleep in it. It’s a lightweight small hoop. Its post hinges and snaps closed in a “v” lock. In other words you don’t need a backing on it.
The shank is the part of a ring that rests underneath the finger and meets the main part of the design on top. Shanks come in a variety of shapes and sizes and are important factors in how rings sit on the finger.